Pairi Daiza Foundation


Black-necked Crane

Grue à cou noir – Pairi Daiza

The male and the female “dance” together

The Black-necked Crane is the only species of crane living at high altitude: it nests on the high plateaus up to 5,000 m and migrates – once winter approaches – to lower valleys with milder climates.

Emblematic bird of the State of Jammu and Kashmir, in India, the Black-necked Crane is also a sacred bird in Buddhist cultures, respectful of wildlife, in particular in Tibet, China and Bhutan.

It is recognizable by its neck and its head, black with an area of bare red skin on its forehead, contrasting with the light plumage of its body, except for its tailfeathers, which are also black.

Its food is varied. Indeed, it feeds on more or less everything that it can find in its mountain habitat: roots but also small rodents, birds, reptiles, and amphibians, as well as fish and shellfish from the high-altitude lakes and marshes.

Couples are formed after a courtship parade during which the male and the female “dance” together.

The destruction of the wetlands of the lower valleys where it spends the winter has entailed a decline of the species, which now numbers only between 8,000 and 10,000.

Grue à cou noir – Pairi Daiza
Identity card

A "vulnerable" species

  • Name : Black-necked Crane
  • Latin name : Grus nigricollis
  • Origin : The North-West of India as far as Tibet and the West of China
  • IUCN status : Vulnerable
  • Cites : Appendix I

Sponsor the Black-necked Crane

Sponsorship amounts are exclusively for the Pairi Daiza Foundation for projects for the conservation and protection of threatened species.

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